© 2005 by John P. Wsol – all rights reserved.   

3-Feb-2013: Note: More recent thinking, I’m open to the idea that quarks are really a manifestation of a kind of interference pattern created by the entangled waves and we might not even need quarks. I will be updating this page tomorrow.

Chapter 5: Derivation of the Genesis Cosmology from the Hebrew Text

 

The “Topic Sentence Theory” for Genesis 1:1  (Hebrew reads right-to-left:  ß )

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

הארץ׃

ואת

השׁמים

את

אלהים

ברא

בראשׁית

the Earth.

and

the heavens

(entity)

God

created

In beginning

I take the opening sentence of Genesis to be the topic sentence for the sentences to follow.  The sentences that follow go into more detail on how God created the heavens and the earth.

Note the word “create”: ברא bara.  The first letter ב (bet) is often a prefix to other words to add the meaning “in” to the root word it precedes; the second letter ר (resh) is the shape of the profile of a man’s head; א (aleph) represents an ox-head meaning strength, power.   Put it all together: in-head-power we get a picture of a “mind” with the power to create.  Proverbs 3:19:

The Lord by wisdom has founded the earth;
by understanding he has established the heavens.

God manifests His “power to create” by applying His depth of understanding plus His wisdom to accomplish His intended higher purpose(s). 

From a higher, more abstract, “cosmic” perspective consider the “heavenly realm” as an eternal, timeless domain.  The sentences that follow describe how God went about creating the earthly realm -- temporal, time domain.

How did you learn to look at things from such a high perspective?

 First I overdosed on Chuck Missler Bible Studies.   Dr. Missler has a unique approach to studying scripture.  He regards every detail is by deliberate design!  At first I was skeptical, but with a “holy curiosity”.  So I listened carefully, bought the tapes, looked up the references, started word studies and discovered -- he was right!  There is a wealth of wisdom and a depth of understanding and awe striking precision to God’s Word.

This “tuned” my heart so that I would be receptive to the most remarkable and memorable Bible Studies of all… from the Lord himself, for example:

One day, after having listened to Mark Eastman’s most excellent CD entitled “The Cosmos and the Creator”,[1] I was inspired to, once again, read the beginning of Genesis.  The Lord used this CD as an illustration.  As I started reading I happened to be holding this CD in my right hand so its circumference aligned between my thumb and my pinky -- the span of my hand.

Suddenly I’m astonished, “Oh my God!  He really can and literally does measure the heavens with the span of his hand.” 

Mine hand also has laid the foundation of the earth,

and my right hand has spanned the heavens:

when I call unto them, they stand up together.  (Isa 48:13)

 

It is he that sits upon the circle (sphere) of the earth,

and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers;

that stretches out the heavens as a curtain,

and spreads them out as a tent to dwell in: (Isa 40:22)

“A tent is a temporary dwelling place – our universe exists in a temporal domain.”  The waters described here must be 4D waters – like a hyper-spherical ocean of what Maxwell Planck might have called Planck particles. 

Gen 1:2 And the earth was without form and void (empty)
          and darkness was on the face of the deep (abyss).

תהום

על־פני

וחשׁך

ובהו

תהו

היתה

והארץ

t@howm

‘al paney

va’choshek

va’bohuw

tohuw

hayah

Va’ha’erets

bottomless

abyss

was upon

and darkness

 

and void

with-out

 

was

 

And the Earthly
[realm]

 

The CD which I now held in the span of my hand, “Before it was written it had no tracks and no data in those tracks – it was without form and void!”  (empty)

At this point, these waters are what Einstein might have called the “space-time continuum”.  A continuum is smooth, uniform and featureless.

Now remember that God understands the universe, Relativity and Quantum physics better than the scientists that discovered these things.  He even understands were science took a wrong turn.  So look for that kind of depth of understanding reflected in the events being described next.

…And the Spirit of God shook (induced an oscillation) upon the face of the waters.

המים׃

על־פני

מרחפת

אלהים

ורוח

ha’ mayim

‘al - pânîym

ma’ râchaph

'ĕlôhîym

Va rûach

of the waters

upon the surface

shook

of God

And the Spirit

Basically, space is not like graph paper extending out to three dimensions – that is to say it is not 3D Euclidean-space.  Time is not the illusion of continual flow of change within the same volume of space.  Even Einstein’s model assumed that space-time without any matter is Euclidean -- this assumption is simply wrong.

Space-time is really a 4D sphere, called a hyper-sphere.  It is not an empty nothingness, even the vacuum of space has been found to have too many measurable properties beyond just its volume, but rather it has properties more like a 4D liquid that has been stretched like a membrane but stretched in four dimensions – its like a liquid under negative pressure.  

Next, consider what happens when a pebble drops into a pond, the ripples move outward in concentric circles of moving hills and valleys. Consider the opposite situation – a hula-hoop gently resting on the surface of the pond and moved up-n-down so that the concentric circles of waves move inward.   What happens next is when the ripples reach the center they pass through and create outward moving waves like the pebble did.  Only in this case they pass through the inward moving waves creating a very interesting effect call a “standing wave”.   What this looks like is the hills and valleys appear and go flat and then reappear and go flat repeatedly, but they do not appear to be moving!  The in-ward and out-ward waves cancel out each other’s apparent motion.

 

Inward: reverse time
(direction of anti-matter)

 

Outward: forward time (direction of matter)

 

Cosmic Onion: Quantum Clock of the Universe

+

=

 

Here in verse 2 above, the Spirit of God is inducing an oscillation on the surface of the waters.  These waves penetrate the 4D volume of waters passing through the center and start moving outward.   This creates pulsating Onion-layers – which give form to that which previously had no form – these Onion-layers sub-divide the span of space-time into time quanta.  Our Cosmic Onion layers are extremely thin; for the rate of this oscillation is on the order of 1044 times/second – this is about the reciprocal of what Maxwell Planck called the Planck-time.  Think of each onion-layer as being a thin spherical, blank holographic film.  The layers are all the same “thinness”.   Later, as we fully develop the math that describes space-time expansion we will define just how thin these layers are.

At this point space-time can not be considered a “continuum” anymore because it is not smooth, not uniform and not featureless.  The cosmos now has a framework[1], but it is still dark and empty.   Also “time” – that is “the forward progress of now”, for this universe, had not yet begun.

Gen 1:3 And God said, “Let there be Light” and there was Light.

ויהי־אור׃

אור

יהי

אלהים

ויאמר

Va hâyâh 'ôr

'ôr

hâyâh

'ĕlôhîym

Va 'âmar

and light became

light

let there be

God

Then said

The moment God said, “Let there be light.”…in that moment this time-domain began.  That’s why you don’t see any days enumerated prior to this.   This light, a hyper-spherical pulse that started at the center of the depths of our 4D waters a single ripple expanding ever outward.  As it expands it passes through these Cosmic Onion-layers.  Wherever this happens that point in space-time experiences Now.  This wave-front IS the present moment of time.  Initially it starts out as a perfect hyper-sphere, but when we get to verse 9 it will develop dents around massive objects.   From this point forward let’s call this wave-front the:

“Now-manifold”

 

Gen 1:4  And God saw the light, that [it was] good:
and God divided the light from the darkness.

כי־טוב

את־האור

אלהים

וירא

kîy- ṭôb

‘eth’ha’'ôr

'ĕlôhîym

Va’râ'âh

That was good.

the Light

God

And saw

 

החשׁך׃

ובין

האור

בין

אלהים

ויבדל

Ha’choshek

va’bêyn

Va 'ôr

bêyn

'ĕlôhîym

Va bâdal

the darkness

from

the light

from

God

And divided

To understand verse 4, consider the abrupt density change between water and air.   When you look at the water’s surface at a steep angle it’s just like a mirror.   This phenomenon also happens when you look from below, from underwater looking up at a steep angle. 

Possibility 1: The Now-manifold’s wave-front is so steep that it creates an abrupt energy density change within the firmament along the leading edge of this ever expanding wave-front. “God divided light from darkness” seems to indicate a second feature of this wave-front – probably the trailing edge is a negative pulse if the trailing edge is just as “negative” and the leading edge is “positive” then this doubles the flux density of this wave-front.  Flux density is simply the total change in energy per unit of time.  Its like having a 6-foot wave on the ocean with a 6-foot valley behind it -- making a 12-foot change

James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above,
 and comes down from the Father of lights,
 with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

Possibility 2: (Is more likely than Possibility #1) James 1:17 makes 5 references, all-in-one verse, to these fundamental wave-functions that create our physical reality! 

1.      That this light pulse came “from above” -- from a higher (at least 5th) dimension. 

2.      The word for “lights” is from an ancient word φάω phaō meaning “to shine” or “to make manifest.” 

3.      The reference to “variableness” is a reference to the pulsating Onion-layers induced by the Spirit of God shaking the surface of the 4D waters. 

4.      The reference to “shadow of turning” refers to Gen 1:5’s “twist away from the light.” 

5.      So, unlike this other two wave-functions this “light from above” is steady and unwavering – it’s like a single ever-expanding ripple.  This “continuous” characteristic reflects a quality of the Father of lights – His purity, His laser sharp intensity, and His steadfastness.

How can a 5th dimensional wave interact with 4D waters?

Glad you asked!  First consider the ripples on the surface of 3D water; the 2D surface starts out “flat” and the waves oscillate along the third dimension, namely up-n-down.  Consider a modern drum membrane.   When hit by the drum stick – the 2D membrane carries the vibration to the edge of the drum and can sometimes reflect in a way that it resonates – giving a distorted sound.   One way to get a clean sound is to “dampen” the reflected waves by using a double layer membrane with a thin layer of oil in between.   So think of the waves that propagate within the 4D waters like waves entirely within the oil.  The drum stick “from above” creates waves that oscillate at a 90-degree angle to the plane of oil. 

  ויקרא אלהים לאור יום ולחשׁך קרא לילה ויהי־ערב ויהי־בקר יום אחד׃

Gen 1:5  And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night.

And the evening and the morning were the first day.

The word for Day is, yôm, (יום) meaning a day.   From a cosmic perspective the root meaning “hot” refers to the intense energy density of this “Light”.   The word translated Night is layelâh (לילה) which literally means a “spiral step” (or “twist” away from the light).   Chapter 6 will explain the significance of this spiral step and its role in answering the Lord’s question to Job in Job 38:19.

ויאמר אלהים יהי רקיע בתוך המים ויהי מבדיל בין מים למים׃

Gen 1:6  And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters,
and let it divide the waters from the waters.

ויעשׂ אלהים את־הרקיע ויבדל בין המים אשׁר מתחת
 לרקיע ובין המים אשׁר מעל לרקיע ויהי־כן׃

Gen 1:7  And God made the firmament,
and divided the waters which were under the firmament
 from the waters which were above the firmament:
and it became so.

Here a distinction is being made between the “4D” waters above the firmament from the “3D” waters below.  An additional clue about this is revealed by the Apostle Peter in 2 Peter 3:3-5, when he prophetically, comments on Uniformitarianism:[2]

Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days
scoffers, walking after their own lusts,

And saying, Where is the promise of his coming?
 for since the fathers fell asleep,
 all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.

 For this they are willingly ignorant of,
 that by the word of God the heavens were of old,
 and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:

Note: Uniformitarianism “thinks” that all things came about and continues on by slow natural processes taking millions and billions of years.   That belief is tied to their “willful ignorance” that the Earth stands out of “3D” waters and in the “4D” waters. 

---

ויקרא אלהים לרקיע שׁמים ויהי־ערב ויהי־בקר יום שׁני׃

Gen 1:8  And God called the firmament Heaven.
 And the evening and the morning were the second day.

 

Gen 1:9  And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together
 unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

השׁמים

מתחת

המים

יקוו

אלהים

ויאמר

ha’shâmayim

ma’tachath

ha’mayim

 

'ĕlôhîym

Va’ye’âmar

the heavens

from under

the waters

let

God

And said

 

ויהי־כן׃

היבשׁה

ותראה

אחד

אל־מקום

va’hâyâh kên

yabbâśâh

vat’ râ'âh

'echâd

ma’qâvâh

and [it]
became so.

ground

(matter)

appear

each

bind together

(by twisting)

 

Again, from a cosmic perspective, the “dry land” is literally the “ground”.   It was here that God created matter.  Note מקום mâqôm, combines a prefix מ, meaning “from” with two root words קום qûm used to intensively (establish) and causatively to “rise” and  מקו  qâvâh, which means “bind together” usually by twisting; and  אחד 'echâd, meaning  “first” when used as an ordinal, “one” (when the subject is singular) or “united” (when the subject is plural).   Bind together these concepts in sequence: 

Let the waters from under the heavens (to intensively) establish
 by twisting together and to (causatively) “rise” – united,
 and appearing as the ground (particles of matter) and it became so.

These are quark-waves that we see manifest as protons and neutrons and the electron-waves that manifest as electrons.  They rise (from the depths of the past) upward (forward in time).  They are spring-shaped waves that bind together merely because they are twisted together.  (Guess what, there is no such thing as a “Strong Nuclear Force” or “gluons”!  They where “invented” in order to support a particle theory as the basis for matter.)   Everything that physicist call particles of matter[1] (collectively called Fermions) are really the manifestation of these Fermion-waves propagating along the time dimension – from the depths of the past rising upward towards the future. 

 “Manifestation” -- what do you mean “waves manifesting”?

Three fundamental wave-functions interact to manifest particles of matter.   (1) The “Now-Manifold” wave-front encounters (2) the next Cosmic Onion-Layer creating a peak in the energy density of the firmament.  (3) Wherever there are electron-waves or quark-waves this induces an energy exchange – instantaneously manifesting properties: location, spin.  (4)  On each half time-quantum, whenever the energy density reaches a minimum, the wave-functions manifest: momentum and charge. (5) The transition between these to extremes manifests as mass.  What we perceive as particles is really the repetitive manifestations of quark-waves and electron-waves about 1044 times per second!  

Third we simply twist or braid these springs into triples.  Two right-hand spirals plus one left-hand spiral make the quarks of a proton.  (I don’t know, for sure, which right/left spiral corresponds with the up/down quarks)  So, for now let’s say that two left-hand spirals plus one right-hand spiral make a neutron.   Wrap a proton-neutron in a pair (called a nucleon) and you have a stable building block to create the nuclei for all the atomic elements.    These spring-waves propagate radially outward from the center of space-time, whenever they intersect an onion-layer at the same time that the now-manifold arrives these quark-waves and electron-waves manifest as particles.

 ויקרא אלהים ליבשׁה ארץ ולמקוה המים קרא ימים וירא אלהים כי־טוב׃

Gen 1:10  And God called the dry land Earth;
and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas:
and God saw that it was good.

2005 thinking: I’ll be updating the next 7 paragraphs and graphics.

The balance of neutron’s (down-down-up) quarks with protons (up-up-down) quarks creates stable building blocks for atomic nuclei.[3]  The Now-manifold interacts with these bundles of braded quarks creating positive twisted ripples on the Now-manifold outward from the nucleus.  The electron-waves create negative twisted ripples – on the Now-manifold.   The interaction of these twisted ripples is what knits the electron-waves in their orbital paths.

Electro-magnetic waves move along the Now-manifold through our 3-spacial dimensions – EM-waves modulate electrical charge along the first-axis and modulate magnetic polarity along the second-axis and propagate along a third-axis.  Note: all 3 axis’ are on the Now-manifold.

 

“Now-manifold”
 --
Physically, wherever and whenever you are – in fact, right now,
 you are riding on the surface of this ever expanding manifold.

Fermion-waves propagate along the time-dimension and have three more dimensions that are at right angles to the direction of propagation.  The diagram to the right tries to illustrate this.  The dotted straight lines show the direction of forward time.   The three axis’s shown 120-degrees are really each 90 from each other and a little less than 90-degrees from the time-dimension.   Why not 90-degrees?   The manifold is usually dented by varying amounts depending on your proximity to a massive object.   The closer to a massive object you are and the more massive the object is the greater the slope.

The black ellipse with the black arrow represents down-quarks.  The green ellipse with the green arrow represents an up-quark.  They oscillate between the same two axis’s but in opposite spin.   (clockwise vs. counter-clockwise)  This is why they entangle so well.    The red ellipse with the red-arrow represents an electron.  It interacts with a proton on the EM access.

The diagram below attempts to illustrate a trans-time dimensional view of a proton.  The red ellipses represent forward time-quantum waves and the purple represent the reverse time.   Their interactions create the Cosmic Clock standing waves of pulsating Cosmic Onion-layers.  The black and green spiral waves represent the up-quarks of a proton; the blue spiral wave represents the down-quark.  

 

So what about radioactive isotopes?  How do you explain the Weak-nuclear force?

Oh, this one's easy -- the Weak-nuclear force (like the Strong-nuclear force) was "invented" and does not actually exist.  What really accounts for radioactive decay is the fact the extra neutrons in the nuclei of radioactive atoms usually breaks the symmetry of the nucleic bundle.  The causes the nucleolus or at least part of the nucleus to twist, kind of like a rubber-band, and in time this torsional stress builds up to a point that it snaps!  The result is radio-active decay.  Depending on the way the bundle is wrapped and what parts twist will determine the mode of decay: alpha (helium nuclei),  beta (electrons), etc.

Did radioactive isotopes always exist or did the appear later, if so when?

They were part of the curse on creation described in Genesis Chapter 3:

Gen 3:17-18

(17) And unto Adam he said, “Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of
thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying,
 ‘You shall not eat of it:’ cursed is the ground for your sake;
in sorrow you shall eat of it all the days of your life;”…

ותאכל

אשׁתך

לקול

כי־שׁמעת

אמר

ולאדם

va’t'âkal

'ishshâht?

la’qôl

kîy- shâma‛t

'âmar

va’la’ 'âdâm

and eaten

thy wife

voice of

Because

hearkened

He said

And unto Adam

 

ממנו

תאכל

לא

צויתיך

אמר

אשׁר

מן־העץ

 

t'âkal

lô'

tsâvâh’tyek

'âmar

'ăsher

min-ha‛êts

from it

to eat

not

commanding

I said

which

of the tree

 

חייך׃

ימי

כל

תאכלנה

בעצבון

בעבורך

האדמה

ארורה

chay

 

 

 'âkal

t‛itstsâbôn

 b‛âbûr'k

ha'ădâmâh

 'ârar

your life.

days
[of]

all

to eat of it

in

sorrow

for (crossed)

 your sake

the atoms

cursed

added in

 

Note the curse is specifically on the ădâmâh (atoms)!  (The curse was not directed to “the stems of plants”, although “thorns” could be the first genetic defect.)  Note the word for cursed has a ו (vav, a nail) in between the ר (resh, a mans head) -- its like the curse is a thorn in the mind.  The word בעבורך  (b‛âbûr'k) translated "for your sake" has a connotation of "crossing your path",  meaning more like "to your detriment", herein it is on account of Adam's transgression.

 

(18)  “Thorns also and thistles it shall bring forth to you;
 and you shall eat the herb of the field;”

השׂדה׃

את־עשׂב

ואכלת

לך

תצמיח

ודרדר

וקוץ

 śâdeh

'êth-‛eśeb

va'âkal

lêach

 t'tsâmach

 va'dardar

va'qôts

the field.

herb [of]

and [you shall] eat

(new)

natural force

to sprout

and thistle

(uncertain derivation)

and thorns

root: (clip off)

 

 

    Looking at the root-word meanings, again we see a quantum physics description of a new natural force  (I'm not making this up!  This is right out of my e-Sword lexicon! )   The root-meaning for קוץ is "clips off" which is what happens at the instant that radioactive decay occurs part of the atom gets "clipped off"!

 

    Now connect the idea that the curse is a break down in information (structure) and the word for thistle דרדר is of uncertain derivation yet the letters themselves spell: divide-head-divide-head.  Its like the curse breaks down the structure of the atoms which were originally assembled by the power of the mind that created them.  Finally consider that "in sorrow" or literally "worrisome" you shall eat of the herb of the field."   Why worry?  Because Adam would, for the first time, be eating from plants whose roots brought in radioactive atoms!   This is the start of genetic decay!

 

 

Recap:

Our Cosmos exists within the context of this space-time domain – past, present and future -- which is like a 4D hyper-sphere filled with a liquid-like medium (Planck-particles?) that is under negative pressure because it has been stretched  -- thus becoming  firm (firmament).[4]    

There are only 4 fundamental wave-functions that define this physical realm of Space-Time and Matter-Energy:

(1)   By the power of the Spirit of God the surface of these stretched waters was and is being oscillated at an extremely high frequency on the order of 1044 times per second.  (approximately the reciprocal of Planck-time)  This creates the standing waves of our Cosmic Onion-layers – thereby sub-dividing the expanse of space-time into time-quanta.  This dis-continuum is the foundation for all Quantum phenomena that has perplexed science since Maxwell Planck successfully explained Black Body Radiation.  Then J.J. Thompson discovered the electron (believed to be a particle).  Then his son, George P Thompson demonstrated the wave properties of the electron.  all the way through to when Heisenberg became the first to be absolutely certain about quantum uncertainty. (i.e. Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle).  My favorite quote about this quantum mystery by W. H. Bragg (1862-1942)

(2)   "Physicists use the wave theory on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays,
and the particle theory on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays."

(3)   Now-Manifold is a single ripple wave-front of an intense pulse of light.  It defines the current moment of time – Now.  It’s intensity is so abrupt and it’s wave-form so shaped that as it propagates out-ward from the center of our 4D hyper-sphere its 3D surface creates an ever-expanding mirror.  Everything everywhere in the universe that exists “Now” is on the 3D surface of this 4D manifold.   This Now-manifold is filling the 4D volume of the Cosmos with light.  All the light, radio-waves, etc. that come from “outer-space” are really coming from the depths of times past.   This portion of the Cosmos filling with light – the part that we see -- is what we normally think of as the Universe – for it was Created by the one verse:  God said, “Let there be light, and light became!”  We can not see the future because the future is in darkness – the mirror surface is designed so that we can only see light from the past.

(4)  Fermion-waves: quark-waves braid together to form protons & neutrons. 

(5)  Electrons are really electron-waves.  When these wave-functions intersect with an Onion-layer – at the same time as the Now-Manifold -- they manifest as a particle.

All other phenomena that we perceive in this universe is a function of interactions of these 4 fundamental wave types.  This explains the Particle-wave Duality Mystery

(1)  The essence of what Matter is an energy density construct made from tightly braided quark-waves – what particle physicists call fermions.  They propagate upward from the depths of the past like braided springs.  What holds them together is this quantum entanglement – simply that they are twisted (to form protons and neutrons) and braided in bundles we call nuclei.
But, what about the strong and weak nuclear forces in the Standard Model?
Back when physicist thought protons and neutrons were just specks of matter where protons were found to have a positive charge they had to
“invent” a reason why the nucleus of atoms did not just fly apart.  So they “invented” the strong and weak nuclear forces – no explanation given as to how these forces exist.   Just that they must, in order to keep the particle theory alive.  With the discovery of quarks they subsequently needed to invent “gluons” that had mysterious properties where this force hides entirely within the nucleons.

(2)  How do you explain all the energy released when a radio-active isotope decays?
Remember, these braded spring-shaped waves are aligned with the time dimension; they propagate upward away from the central origin point of space-time.  Extra neutrons in the nucleus usually break the symmetry of the nuclear bundle, so either tension builds-up within parts of the nucleus and/or the whole nucleus twists.  This creates a torsional stress between the nucleus and the stretched firmament, which, in time builds up to a point that it snaps, releasing the energy built up across time.  Sometimes the extra neutrons can be arranged symmetrically which is why some elements like Tin can have isotopes that are stable.

(3)   Whenever the Now-manifold manifests a quark-wave as a particle the energy exchange sends secondary ripples along the manifold.  This rippling effect impedes the forward progress of the Now-manifold simply because it’s not propagating straight outward but a squiggly path.  The squiggling effect dissipates with distance from the mass.   This is what causes the curvature in the space-time manifold, herein, call the Now-manifold.

(4)   Gravity is the manifestation of this dent.  The steeper the slope of the dent the stronger we perceive and feel the “gravitational pull”.   That’s how we perceive it because we are caught up in whatever rate that time is flowing forward.   

The physics books that say “Gravity slows time” are simply wrong!   The true cause-effect relationship is that the slope (time-gradient) in the Now-Manifold is the “cause” and gravity is the “effect”.

Once protons and neutrons were discovered to be made up from quarks and can no longer be considered fundamental particles. Therefore, gravity can no longer be called a “fundamental” force of nature!  Those who have this effect-cause relationship reversed think of Gravity as an illusion or a mystery.   The Scientific American November 2005 edition’s cover article speaks of The “Illusion” of Gravity.  Until you grasp what “Now” is you don’t know what time is.  Until you realize what time is you can’t know what gravity is.  Once you grasp what Now is then you can understand what time is.  Once you understand what time is and the effect that matter has on its forward progress, then you will understand gravity.

 

[5] String theory, among other things, desperately needs this kind of framework.  

[6] Particle physicists use to think that protons, neutrons and electrons where specks of matter.  Since protons are positively charged and so close together in the nucleus, it was deduced that some “really strong force” would be necessary to keep the nucleus from flying apart – thus the “invention” of the Strong Force of the “Standard Model.”   Later it was discovered that electrons sometimes exhibit properties of waves – thus the wave-particle duality theory.   Later still it was discovered that protons and neutrons where made of smaller components that were given the name quarks.  Proton are made from 2 up-quarks and 1 down-quark.  Neutrons – 2 down-quarks and 1-up-quarks.





[1] In ancient times He would have used the cross section of a tree trunk or an onion as an illustration.   The beginning starts in the center and the further towards the edge you move – the further forward in time you go.

[2] According to http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/10c.html  Uniformitarianism is one of the most important unifying concepts in the geo sciences.  (Anything that can be shaken, will be shaken.)

[3] nuclei: (pronounced new-clee-eye) is plural for nucleus.  (Besides nuclei sounds a lot cooler than nucleuses!)

[4] Eternity is a domain of existence above and beyond all temporal dimensions.