Chapter
6:
© 2013, John Wsol,
all rights reserved.  This is, very much, a work in progress…
When 
Edit
History 
18Jan13 
Begin.
Item A. Add Quantum – Space~time equation matrix & K_{Θ}
explanation, the automechanic analogy. Finish explaining K_Theta
& Planck Mass. “Do you know what
pathway light dwells?” 8. A tiny slice of space~time… 6. Add units expressed as Newtons( /
)^2 
19Jan13 
Add
Hypercube and Hypersphere images. Add time quantization explanation. Add
Cosmic Onion. 
24Jan13 
Revised
A.9a, added A.9b 
25Jan13 
add
A.9c; more details to B.1, C.2d Dual Slit Experiment demystified. 
26Jan13 
Describe
matter made from particles, made from superstrings, made from springwaves
intersecting NowManifold. 
27Jan13 
Go
on to very briefly explain E. Pioneer Anomaly, F. Dark Matter, and G. start
on Dark Energy 
28Jan13 
A.15
Did a better job at establishing context, better wording that is clearer and
more concise. 
29Jan13 
C.2
Better wording and more specific description of the “Strong Nuclear
Interaction” 
1Feb13 
A.11.bd
Connect quantumlevel framework of gravitation to electromagnetism and then
to General Relativity. 
4Feb13 
A.11.d
Connect the finestructure constant into this quantum geometric framework. 
6Feb13 
A.11.e
Add more detail to describing photons. B.1 Add more detail to the description
of matterwaves. D. Explain 3 relativity theories. 
9Feb13 10Feb13 
A.11.bd Mathematical formalization
of how matter manifests mass as its energywavefunction penetrates the Cosmic
Onion layers. CERN scientists or ANY
other concerned scientists, okay my partial differential where too
weird, but getting better. Anyone think this might be Dark Matter? My vote is that this is the density of
the Space Medium. 
112May13 
Update all physical constants (and
calculations) to CODATA 2010 values. 
Our
Cosmos = Holographic Hyperspherical Quantum Computer Abstract:
The Cosmic Onion Model (COM) demystifies our universe. These discoveries began with my interest in
Cognitive Science. Starting from the
precept of “distinction” I built this informational hierarchy: data,
information, knowledge, understanding & wisdom. I became conscious of my mind making
abstract connections at each of these levels.
Skipping Materialistic and Dualistic views of bodymind I realized
that, at the core of our being (soul) we can perceive the world in and around
us. Unconventionally
correlating Genesis 1:19, in Hebrew, with modern physics I asked three
questions: (1) I wonder if “mayim” are 4D “waters”
filling space~time; past, present & future. (2) I wonder, “ma’râcaph”: are they “rotationally induced”
4Dspherical standingwaves “oscillating” at the Plancktime rate (5x10^44
second)? (3) I wonder, “hâyâh 'ôr”: is this “Big Flash”, from the
center of our Cosmic Onion, an abrupt (one Plancktime) everexpanding 3D
wavefront; defining the moment called, “Now”?
Suddenly, I could envision geometries of these quantumscale waves
explaining a core understanding of physical constants. Concentric standingwave OnionLayers;
their amplitude being proportional to the magnetic force constant K_{m}
1x10^{7} [N(s/C)^{2}]. The differential of the inward (reverse
time) vs. outward (forward time) being 4π*K_{m}
= µ_{0} [N/A^{2}] = magnetic permeability. The Big Flash (NowManifold) = magnetic
component of EM waves. As it penetrates
OnionLayers – encountering resistance (Impedance of Space, Z_{0}) this: (1) regulates the
flow of time and, (2) defines the speed of light, c = 376.73 Ohms/µ_{0}).
Next
I constructed this equation matrix showing: [ h*f =
Energy=Mass*c^{2}, Space = Time*c^{2}, Ke
= Km*c^{2}, G = K_Theta*c^{2},
1/ε_{0} = µ_{0}*c^{2} ] Where K_Theta
[N(s/kg)^{2}] or [m/kg] = half the Schwarzschild_radius[PlanckMass] – telling me that oneseconds worth of tiny
oscillating crosssection of Onionlayers = PlanckMass. From
this quantumlevel description all properties of forces, redshift, Special,
General and Cosmological Relativity, Dark Matter, Dark Energy and Dark Flow
will be explained. Information
is holographically encoded: oscillation axis, frequency, phase, quantization
and spiral polarization. Interchange
happens as nearfield scalarwave harmonicresonance between the NowManifold
and valence electrons. I will explore
possibilities that: s, p, d & f orbitals interface as dimensions of body,
mind, soul and spirit. Also
correlating repetitive patterns in DNA with its chromosome coiling pattern
may offer other clues. 
Chapter 6: Mathematically
assembling the Cosmic Puzzle
If you ask an expert automechanic/engineer to explain how a gasoline engine works. He is able to describe the engine block, the cylinders, the crankshaft and flywheel and how the air intake delivers air to the carburetor which atomizes the fuel into a fine mist, which then goes in through the intake manifold into intakevalves that are controlled by a camshaft that is synchronized with the crankshaft by a timing belt. He would explain the function of the distributer and spark plugs in the cylinders. He would describe the process going on in the cylinders as: intake, compression, power, exhaust. Just from this engineer’s concise and clear explanation; he can make you smile.
Ask a quantum physicist to do the same. I’ll bet he will show you some formulae using neverbeforeseen symbols in a notational system that would make even your high school teacher’s eyes pop out. Then he refers you to a book over 800 pages long. So you read starting at page 1, something about “gauge invariance”, which is not defined, so after reading over a dozen pages on the internet about “gauge invariance” you begin to realize two possibilities: (1) either, I’m just too stupid to understand this quantum physics stuff, or (2) all these PhD guys are indoctrinated into advanced techniques of hiding behind abstract mathematics, so they don’t have to admit that they don’t understand this stuff either. ;)
So let’s put the Cosmic Onion Model to the test. Let’s see if it can explain the Cosmos
(engine block), the Universe (synchronization), Energy (fuel) and Matter (air),
interacting to create the Forces of nature (power), yet do it without you feeling
stupid or exhausted. The trick is to arrange everything into a geometry that
shows how the submicroscopic quantum waves interact.
Cosmic
Onion: not drawn to scale, the layers are really superfine:
A. Define Space, Time and the quantum
structure of the Space Medium: The Cosmic Onion fills the volume of space~time:
past, present and future. Physical
reality is contained within this 4D spherical standing wave. Outward moving
waves are forwardtime (positive charge); inward being backward time (negative
charge). This is the core reason behind
all quantum phenomena  time “itself” is quantized.
(Higher
dimensions would likely be nonphysical realities: dimensions of mind, soul and
spirit.)
1. Km: Magnetic Force Constant corresponds to the amplitude of the Cosmic Onion oscillations.
2. µ_{0 }= 4πK_{m}: the Magnetic Permeability of Space, is the differential of the inward (2π reverse time) versus outward (+2π forward time) of these concentric rotationally oscillating standingwaves.
3. The “Big Flash” beginning from the center of our Cosmic Onion is an abrupt (one Plancktime) everexpanding 3D wavefront; defining the moment called “Now.” This “NowManifold” encounters resistance as it penetrates the Onion Layers. Science calls this resistance the Impedance of Space, Z_{0}. It regulates both the flow of time and defines the speed of light, c = 376.73 Ohms/µ_{0}). The profound fundamental realization is this: the expansion of the universe (space itself) IS oneandthesame as the forward flow of time itself! There is NO difference!
4. Quantum physics talks about higherdimensions being curledup smaller than the Plancklength – and, there is a debate within the physics community whether or not “time” is a “dimension.” The Cosmic Onion Model resolves BOTH these questions. (1) It models forwardtime as being all the normalvectors (a rightangle line to these OnionLayers pointing upward.) (2) Because these layers are rotationally oscillating, think of these normalvectors as being caughtup in these oscillations, thus these normal vectors become tiny twisted springs. Time is a dimension, but UNLIKE spatial dimensions – it is curled up.
5. The amplitude of these timeaxes are proportional to K_{m}, their durations = Plancktime, the path integral (length of the spiral pathway) is the Plancklength, and the wavelength (the = Plancklength/2π, also closely related to the reduced Planck Constant, hBar. This is how the whole universe stays synchronized.
6. Light, as we see it is electromagnetic propagation. Its speed is expressed as lineardistance/unit of time, i.e. 299,792,458 meters/second. Another fundamental realization is that the electriccomponent of the wave is the propagation through space, whereas, the magnetic part of EMwaves is the temporal part (or time) moving through time with the surface of the Nowmanifold.
7. c is the timetospace conversion factor; c^{2} is the masstoenergy & magnetismtoelectric field conversion factor: (c=speedoflight, A=Amperes, C=Coulombs, h=Planck’s constant, ε_{0}=electric permittivity, f=frequency, N=Newtons = force = mass*acceleration; kg=kilograms, m=meters, s=seconds, F=Farads)
Quantum 
Space 
= 
Time 
*c 

hf = 
Energy N(m) 
= 
Mass [kg] 
*c^{2} 
Energy can be expressed as force times distance. 

G
[N(m/kg)^{2}] kg m^{3} s^{2} 6.67384x10^{11} 
= 
K_{Θ}_{ }[N(s/kg)^{2}] m/kg 7.425648x10^{28} 
*c^{2} 
Note:
factoring Newtons out of the dimensionalunits reveals “symmetry”; a pattern
between masstoenergy magnetismtoelectric field. 

K_{e}_{} 8.987551787x10^{9} N(m/C)^{2}_{} 
= 
K_{m} 1x10^{7} N(s/C)^{2} 
*c^{2} 
In
those cases where matter interacts with Electromagnetism these constants seem
more appropriate than using 1/(4πε_{0})
or µ_{0}/4π. Note: N(s/C)^{2}
is equivalent to N/A^{2} 
* 4π= 
1/ε_{0} 1/8.8541878x10^{12} [m/F]_{} 
= 
µ_{0} 1.256637061x10^{6} N/A^{2}^{} 
*c^{2} 
In
those cases where we are talking about EM propagation, I believe these
constants fit that context. (Feedback anyone?) Spirally
polarized EM Wave propagation “Do
you know what pathway light dwells?” 
8. K_{Θ} = half [ Schwarzschild_radius[PlanckMass] = 2*G*PlanckMass/c^{2} ]. But what does this mean?
a) First, notice the dimensional units N(seconds/kilogram)^{2} this is a measure of how much each kilogram of matter slows down time! The Cosmic Onion Model defines time as the expansion of NowManifold, which is slightly slower in and around massive objects. This will be discussed more when we describe Matter and Gravity.
b) The most important thing to realize from the above table is that all 4rows of the table say that the masstoenergy and magnetictoelectric conversion factor is always the speedoflight squared!
c) The disturbing realization is the Friedmann Equation is wrong.
9. SPACE: If a cubic meter of the Space Medium was just emptiness – then it would have one property – it would be a cubicmeter of nothingness.
10. A TINY SLICE OF SPACE~TIME: The Space Medium has a density. Imagine the timeline (Described in 4 above) as the tightly coiled spring. These inward vs. outward standingwave oscillations that construct the Cosmic Onion Layers, looking along a radial timeline, their circular vibrations would look something like these spheres rotating innout of the page 1.8549x10^{44} times per second (the reciprocal of the Plancktime, t_{Planck}= 5.391x10^{44} of a second). They represent the tiny amount that the concentric Onionlayers oscillate relative to the adjacent layers.
11. <to4DCenter of Cosmic Onion^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}^{O}_{O}forwardtime>
a) The mass of the volume of onesecond’s worth of these spheres = 2.17641x10^{5} grams – the Planckmass. So one sphere is only (m_{Planck}*t_{Planck}_{ }= 1.1733x10^{48} of a gramsecond. Should CERN be concerned about this? Yes, because THIS is the fundamental cause of mass. (see 11.c) This will be explained more when we get to Matter and Gravity.
b) Θne of these tiny Planckspheres, magnified, with a
sideways CapitolI through the center along the timeaxis would look like a
Greek CapitalTheta. The energy it takes
for a point on the NowManifold to penetrate one of these Planckspheres along
the “I” happens to equal the reduced Planck Constant (hBar = h/2π). So half the circumference of these tiny
Planckspheres is Planck’s Constant, h = 6.62606896x10^{34}
Jouleseconds. Referring to
the equation matrix above we see that to convert this amount of energy into
mass we need only divide hBar by the speedoflight
squared. (hBar/c^{2} = 1.1733x10^{48} grams). Two different calculations yielding the
exact quantity: m_{Planck}*t_{Planck} =_{ }hBar/c^{2} I’d bet this is the 1^{st} time in the history of science that
this has been described in terms of Quantumscale geometry of the Space Medium and explained in terms of simple QuantumMechanical
interactions.
c) Multiplying the equation above by Newton’s Gravitation constant yields this interesting equationset – 3 relationships that relate 6 different physical constants all equal to 7.83088x10^{59 }m^{4}/s (check power of ten).

(1a) 
d) Why is K_{Θ}
so important? Above, it links
gravity/mass to space~time. Below, it is
our quantumlink to unifying gravitation with electromagnetism as well as being
half the value of the coefficient of the Schwarzschild solution to Einstein’s
field equation, which connects our thinking to General Relativity, as
well.
(q_{Planck}=Planck Charge, e=Fundamental Charge,
α=Finestructure constant.)
= 
(1b) 
Schwarzschild_Radius: r_{s}(m_{l}) = 2Gm_{l} / c^{2} = 2K_{θ}_{} 
(1c) 
e) Now to describe photons. Photons are snippets of waves that are the result of time itself being quantized.
(1) The Cosmic Onionlayers act as a conduit for photons of light, radio waves and, indeed, the entire EMspectrum, to travel. As the NowManifold progressively expands through these OnionLayers, photons travel along its surface between adjacent layers  for halfaninstant  these layers alternate; allowing lefthand spirally polarized photons to “ride” the surface of the Planckspheres to the next pair of adjacent Onionlayers. Then next halftime quantum the righthand spirally polarized photons do the same. And the process repeats. Photonwaves don’t actually have to penetrate the layers so they do not manifest mass. (Contrast this with matterwaves which DO have to penetrate the Planckspheres.)
(2) Electromagnetic propagation occurs on the surface of the NowManifold. All EM interactions are the result of the shape of the NowManifold and its slope as it penetrates the Cosmic Onion Layers. Electric potential manifests when there is a charge differential from one location of space to another – like the separation of plates in a capacitor. Magnetic potential is when there is a charge differential in time from one place to another. Yes, this means that a magnet’s existence is spread across time, maybe only picoseconds, but one end is slightly into the future and the other slightly displaced into the past. A permanent magnet is a kind of Superconductor, but not in the sense of electrons flowing in a wire, rather as the “photon equivalent” of Superstrings flowing in the magnetic loop and through the magnet. (This last statement is a bit speculative and represents the frontiers of my current thought process.)
f) Charge itself is a kind of angular momentum, but NOT in a spatial sense, for it is around the local timeaxis. The “local timeaxis” being the normalvectors to the Cosmic Onion Layers. Planck Charge is q_{Planck} = 1.875546x10^{18}^{ }Coulombs, whereas, Fundamental Charge (i.e. proton’s positive and electron’s negative charge, is 1.602176565x10^{19} Coulombs.) These charges, I believe are proportional to this timeaxis’ angular momentum. Thus the value the Fine Structure Constant, α, is a geometric proportion that describes the torusshaped orbitals of electrons and other details about the atomic nucleus. (R_{∞} is the Rydberg constant.)

(2a) 
g) Yet another first in the history of science is this new discovery that I publish for the first time here and now 28Jan2013: (This has an uncertainty of less than 4.6x10^{8})
22.99859034
= 

22.99859141
:: CODATA2007 22.99859213
:: CODATA2010 
(2b) 
φ is the Golden Ratio, 1.618033989…, m_{p} is the mass of a proton, m_{e} is the mass of an electron. If funding permits, I would like to create a computerbased neural net of physical properties, formulae and the degree of certainty or uncertainty that NIST knows them. Then by correlating these geometric/mathematical discoveries we can “arbitrate” the accuracies of these physical quantities. This would give the world more accurate values for these constants.
h) Consider what happens to your mind’s perceptions as you become aware of the subtle differences in equationset 2b above verses 2c below:
22.99859034 = 22.99859141 
(2c) 
B. Matter is a collection of “particles”, which are not billiard balls, but rather 3^{rd} stage manifestation of quantumscale wave interactions as described below:
1.
“Particles” manifest from superstrings which, in turn, are
the instantaneous intersection of the NowManifold as it “slides past” these
hollow springshaped waves. Spring
diameter = particle size (which may also
be a factor in the amplitude of charge), left vs. right handed twist =
charge polarity, and frequency is proportional to mass = h*f/c^{2}.
a) An electron’s wavefunction is like a
stretchedout spring, it presence winds its way through the Planckspheres in a
twisted pathway. As the NowManifold
“slides past” this electronwave it helps the electron wave penetrate these
Planckspheres; the electron manifests mass.
The reaction to this is: this additional twisting slows the
NowManifold’s expansion; this manifests as a dent proportional to the mass of
the particle.
b) A proton’s wavefunction has the
opposite handedness as an electron and is 1836.15 times more tightly wound so
it manifests that much more mass (active) and slows down time (reactive) making
a deeper dent in the NowManifold. (See
Gravity explanation in C.1 below)
2.
When the centerlines of these springwaves are
perpendicular to the OnionLayers – the “particle” is at absolute rest! Conceptually, the Cosmic Onion Model has the
unique ability to have an absolute reference frame – the OnionLayers
themselves provide an absolute coordinate in time. By virtue of the normal vector to the
Onionlayer, conceptually this gives us a reference for absolute rest. After
careful thought I’ve realized THIS is
Mach’s Principle taken to perfection.
Rather than the “stars” being the “frame of reference” the Cosmic Onion
Layers determine the physical properties and laws.
3.
Inertia: the idea that matter at rest or in motion remains
in that state until acted upon by a “force”.
4.
Momentum = mass times the velocity of an object – the
numeric value of kinetic energy of the object.
5.
Each
OnionLayer, being like holographic film, captures the state of all particles
as the NowManifold arrives. For an
electron the spring is the same handedness as the inward waves. This is a
twoway exchange of frequency. The
particle “feels” the influence of waves arriving near itself and the
particle’s own resonance radiates frequencies carried on the NowManifold as
wavelength = c/f. An electron itself resonates
as Xrays, AND its orbital frequency, acting like a miniantenna, receives
and transmits at orbital frequency (usually within an octave or so of visible
light).
a) Positive electrostatic charges are like a hilltop penetrating the Onionlayers, thus it creates radial force vectors away from the concentration of positive charge. Negative electronstatic creates a dent in the NowManifold thus as the NowManifold penetrates the Onionlayers the force vector points towards the negative charge concentration. Electrodynamics comes from the fact the charge is a form of angular momentum, but NOT in the spatial dimensions, but rather around the timeaxis. This deserves a whole chapter and lots of illustrations and animations. More stuff related to the angular momentum of “charge” and how that angular momentum dissipates on the NowManifold will go in the next section.
a) ____
C. Explain Forces of Nature
1. Gravity: Large concentrations of matter (like planets and stars) result in jitter motion (quantumscale thermodynamics) – slowing the Nowmanifold’s expansion, diminishing with /distance^{2} from the mass, thus creating a dent in and around the object. The temporal slope in the NowManifold, penetrating the Impedance of the OnionLayers, manifests as the gravitational field. The more massive an object is; the deeper the NowManifold dent. The denser the object is; the steeper the temporal slope. The steeper the slope the greater the affect of the Onion layers’ Impedance has on manifesting gravitational field strength.
a) All the Planck Units known to Quantum Physics are defined in
terms of Newton’s Gravitational Constant, which is the least accurate physical
constant known to science.
2. Strong Nuclear “Force”: More properly called the “Strong Interaction” because it is not a force like EM or gravity – in that inversesquare does not apply. Matterwaves are NOT point charges. Below when I say “hollow”, the inside of the springs are filled with the Space Medium.
a) They are hollow, so we never have to divide by radius=0.
b) They are hollow, so they can be entangled with each other.
c) The springwaves can and DO twist around each other – this is what holds the nucleus together – simply quantum entanglement – it is not a force at all. If anything it is the geometry of the angular momentum of the chargemass of the springshaped waves that manifest as “particles”.
d)
The DualSlit
Experiment: Fundamentally, electrons are waves, so when an electron is shot
towards two slits, as it travels it resonates (active) with the quantumfoam
(reactive), this results in scalar wave resonance with the medium, so the
ejected electron, through this resonance with the Space Medium, is “more wave” “than particle” so it
interferes with itself as it’s wavefront goes through BOTH slits. Another Mystery Solved!
3. Weak Nuclear “Force”: More properly called the “Weak Interaction.” When an atomic nucleus has a perfect balance between protonneutrons, it has symmetry. The entangled nucleonpairs wrap in a bundle and vibrate in a stable fashion. When addition neutrons are inserted into or wrapped around the nucleus, more often than not, this breaks symmetry. Now, as this bundle penetrates the resistance of the Onionlayers it causes part of it to twist. This twisting builds up a torsional tension around the timeaxis, which in time, reaches a threshold; suddenly breaking away – causing thermonuclear decay. I envision, that the distinguishing factor that determines alpha decay verses beta decay is that betadecay involves a loneneutron that twists on the surface of the “layering” of the bundles of protonneutron pairs. (This “layering” is analogies to the electron orbital shells – and, in fact, is the core reason for those shells.) Alphadecay involves a protonneutron pair, twisting around a second pair. This doublepair bundle, in time, twists up to the point, that the torsional tension just can’t take it anymore, and snaps the entanglement, suddenly releasing the builtup energy and an alpha particle.
D. Explain 3 types of redshift (sometimes blueshift) and their correspondence to 3 Relativity Theories
1. Special Relativity: when an object is moving, especially as its velocity approaches the speed of light.
Consider this crude diagram. This is a tiny crosssection of space~time. Forward time is the top section of our diagram while the bottom represents the past. The center section represents the amount the universe expands in 1 second. The horizontal lines represent the quantum thin CosmicOnionlayers though the lines and gaps are not drawn to scale. In reality they are so fine that they subdivide an individual proton by many orders of magnitude. The “springs” are the oscillating wavefunctions that represent particles of matter. Remember, the “size” of a particle is the amplitude of the wave oscillations and the “mass” of a particle is proportionate to the number of waveoscillations per second. The spring on the left is a particle at rest determined by the centerline of the spring intersecting the Onionlayers at a right angle, thus having the minimal number of oscillations per second. This is what physicists call “the rest mass of a particle.” The middle springwave shows more oscillations fitting into the same 1 second time gap and represents a particle moving at about 20% of the speed of light. The right most spring represents a particle moving at about half the speed of light. From the viewpoint of an observer at rest, the additional oscillations per second means the particles appears to the stationary observer to manifest more mass. But, from the particle’s viewpoint (or comoving observer) the duration of a second is less, so the particle always sees itself as manifesting its rest mass.
2. General Relativity: in and near concentrations of matter, the interaction of the springshaped quantumscale jitter motion slows down Space NowManifold expansion. Creating a dent in the Now Manifold.
Matter slows space~time expansion with diminishing effect with distance (what we perceive as the inverse square law).
This results in a dent in the ever expanding Nowmanifold; the slope of the dent, as it penetrates the Cosmic Onion layers, causes gravity. Light traversing this “gravity well” gets bent spatially and stretched temporally. These effects involve the curvature of space around the barycenter of objects.
3. Cosmological Relativity: Both space and clockrates expand as time proceeds forward. This has a profound effect on our perception of time and the age of the universe.
(1) The speed of light in a vacuum is always: 299,792,458 meters/second within each reference frame. Note that speed is a RATIO: distance per unitoftime. This does not mean distance is fixed nor does it mean clock rates are fixed.
(2) What this DOES mean is that with the forward flow of time, a meter expands by some amount while the duration of one second changes by the same ratio.
As the universe expands, clock rates are winding down. This means ALL natural processes are slowing down proportional to the reciprocal of the age of “the volume of space” the object is occupying. Even the atoms within an object expand as space itself expands. Redshifts occur while light is intransit, while space itself is expanding. This dramatically affects any lightyear calculations. Note Space~timeAgeRelativity involves the curvature of space~time centered around the origin point of our Cosmos – the center of our Cosmic Onion. Where’s that? It’s in the center of space~time. It is probably NOT a point at the origin of (0,0,0,0) 4D Cosmic Onion, but rather an 4D sphere offset by 1/2 timequantum from the origin point with an angular momentum of h with an initial size of 1 timequantum.
E. Explain the Pioneer 10 & 11 Acceleration Anomaly.
1. These spacecraft are not tied to EarthSun referenceframe and are moving faster than escape velocity leaving our solar system. They are not 3,000 miles off position per year, as most scientists believe. At that distance they cosmological reference frame is taking them into the future 16.1 milliseconds per year, relative to our Earthbased reference frame.
F.
Explain Dark Matter: Unlike
our solar system, which has 99%+ of its mass in the Sun, mass within galaxies
is UNEVENLY distributed. Higher density in the center halo area, less
along the arms, and lesser still in the gaps between the spiral arms. This causes the NowManifold, itself, to
become a spiral shaped vortex. Thus, the
net effect is, stars do not “fall”
towards the center of the galaxy; but, the local slope in the NowManifold says
they are falling, primarily, towards the inner contours of the NowManifold
vortex. This twist in space~time
explains spiral arm stability.
G. Explain Dark Energy
1. Dark Energy is such an enigma I’m thinking I should not just give this one away.
2. This aspect about cosmology is the second hardest one to confront (understanding the nature of time is the toughest) and even more difficult to convey. Briefly, it requires the reader/listener to allow their mind’s eye to go on a journey. To be willing to let go of the limitations of Earthly perceptions, which are immersed in our Earthbased inertial reference frame; and to transcend above the NowManifold outto a vantage point above and higher and higher into the outer darkness, looking back you would see the overall hyperspherical geometry of the cosmos. From such a perspective one can observe the forward flow of time as the entire universe expands. You would see galaxies as they surf & slowly twist the NowManifold wavefront away from the center of the Cosmic Onion expanding, albeit slower than the Space NowManifold around them. Focusing your attention on light rays radiating away from these galaxies and zooming in your perspective you would see these lightwaves riding the surface of the NowManifold – like little windswept ripples on the surge of ocean waves. You would become aware of the wavelengths of these lightwaves stretching with the expansion of space itself.
3. Have I already lost the reader? Should I go further? Or do I need to create detailed graphics and animations?
H. Explain Dark Flow: Deep space observations between the constellation of Centaurs and Vela.
I. Explain the true nature of time
J. Conclusion